In celebration of Thanksgiving/Harvest, I felt the unusual Turkin was a good feature chicken this month!
Some facts of trusty old Wikipedia:
The Naked Neck
is a breed of chicken
that is naturally devoid of feathers on its neck and vent. The breed is also called the Transylvanian Naked Neck
, as well as the Turken
. Originally from Central Europe
, it originated in Hungary
and was largely developed in Germany
. The name "Turken" arose from the mistaken idea that the bird was a hybrid
of a chicken and the domestic turkey
. Naked Necks are fairly common in Europe
today, but are rare in North America
. The trait for a naked neck is a dominant
one controlled by one gene
and is fairly easy to introduce into other breeds,
however these are hybrids rather than true Naked Necks, which is a breed recognized by the American Poultry Association
since 1965, it was introduced in the Britain
in the 1920s. There are other breeds of naked necked chicken, such as the French naked neck, which is often confused with the Transylvanian, and the naked necked gamefowl.
Naked Neck chickens
Despite its highly unusual appearance, the breed is not particularly known as an exhibition
bird, and is a dual-purpose utility chicken. They lay a respectable number of light brown eggs
, and are considered desirable for meat production because they need less plucking and they have a meaty body. They are very good foragers and are immune to most diseases. The breed is also reasonably cold hardy despite its lack of feathers. Naked Neck roosters carry a single comb
, and the neck and head often become very bright red from increased sun exposure. This breed has approximately half the feathers of other chickens, making it resistant to hot weather and easier to pluck.
Recognized color varieties include: black, white, cuckoo, buff, red, and blue in the United Kingdom
and Black, White, Buff, and Red in the United States
Naked Neck trait
The naked neck trait which characterizes this breed is controlled by an incompletely dominant
) located near the middle of Chromosome 3.
Since this allele is dominant, individuals which are either homozygous
) or heterozygous
) will exhibit the naked neck characteristic though the heterozygous individual will exhibit less reduction in feathering - true breeding
members of the breed
must then be homozygous dominant, and all individuals in the recognized breed must be also. Individuals which are homozygous recessive (or wild type feathered) (na+/na+
) would not exhibit any feather reduction characteristics of the Naked Necks and, baring mutation
, would be unable to pass that trait down.
Scientific studies have indicated that the naked neck gene (Na
) improves breast size and reduces heat stress in chickens of non-broiler
breeds which are homozygous
for the trait.
Additionally, in tropical
climates if the naked neck trait (Na
) is breed into broiler strains it has been shown to facilitate lower body temperature, increased body weight gain, better Feed conversion ratios
traits compared to normally feathered broilers.
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Weights - Hen -------6 1/2 lbs Rooster----8 1/2 lb
Pullet-------5 1/2 lbs Cockerel---7 1/2 lbs
Purpose - Ornamental and Dual Purpose: Egg Laying and Meat
Egg Color - Brown
Egg Production - 180+ eggs per year.
Country of Origin -Eastern Hungary
APA: Yes, Recognized by American Standard of Perfection
- ALBC: Not Listed
So what are your thoughts on this unusual breed?